Most workers in this industry are women; among them, a majority comes from the poorer sections of the society. Kollam is an ancient trading town – trading with Romans, Chinese, Arabs and other Orientals – mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by a find of ancient Roman coins). Visit top-rated & … The Kollam Rural Police District is divided into two subdivisions, each under an Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)/ Deputy Superintendent of Police (DySP): Kottarakkara and Punalur. The museum is located at the Kollam East Police Station. 01/11/1980. [29][30] During the later stages of the rule of the Chera monarchy in Kerala, Kollam emerged as the focal point of trade and politics. [80][81] Capithans, Kings Marine Exporters, India Food Exports and Oceanic Fisheries are examples of seafood exporters.[82]. Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. [14][15] It is also connected to neighbouring states by bus service operated by the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and Indian Railways. [19] It is a coastal city on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake that took the title God's Own Country. There is a long-standing demand for the Kollam Town Railway Station in the Kollam-Perinad stretch and "S.N College Railway Station" in the Kollam-Eravipuram stretch. Islam(19.3%) is the second largest religion. When Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 st July 1983, the entire Pathanamthitta Taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur Taluk of the district were also removed. [87] By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. [99] Sree Narayana College, Bishop Jerome Institute (an integrated campus providing Architecture, Engineering and Management courses), and Travancore Business Academy are other important colleges in the city. The Kollam city Corporation will focus on social-justice based development and welfare while diverse projects will be implemented to make Kollam a … [57] Kollam is one among the top 10 most welcoming places in India for the year 2020, according to's traveller review awards.[58]. Of these, 24 are located in Kollam district. [30][31][32], Kollam was the seat of the Desinganad kings. The Chinese trade decreased about 600 and was again revived in the 13th century. Kollam Junction is the second largest railway station in Kerala in area, after Shoranur Junction, with a total of 6 platforms. The railway stations in Kollam city are Kollam Junction railway station, Eravipuram railway station and Kilikollur railway station. Sasthamcotta Lake, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Kollam, is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala and a domestic tourist destination. The event has been rescheduled from 2012.[109][110]. [76] The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI) expects a rise in exports to 275,000 tonnes by 2020, an increase of 120 per cent over the current figure. [22][23] There was also internal trade through the Aryankavu Pass in Schenkottah Gap connecting the ancient town to Tamil Nadu. [113] There are so many ancient temples, centuries-old churches and mosques in the city and its suburbs. The Kollam urban area includes suburban towns such as Paravur in the south, Kundara in the east and Karunagapally in the north of the city. Christians account for 21.17% of the total population of Kollam city. [28] These remains belong to the Mesolithic period. Preface to the online edition", "Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography (1897) pp. Luxury boats, operated by the government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. The Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD) has an operating centre near the KSRTC bus stand. In terms of economic performance and per capita income, Kollam city is in 5th position from India and third in Kerala. The city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district and is a prominent trading city for the state. The port at Kollam, then known as Quilon, was founded in 825 by the Nestorian Christians Mar Sabor and Mar Proth with sanction from Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, the king of the independent Venad or the State of Quilon, a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.[36][37]. Kerala Ceramics Ltd. in Kundara, Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company in Kundara, Kerala Premo Pipe factory in Chavara, Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited in Chavara and United Electrical Industries in Kollam are Kerala Government-owned companies. [9] The city is on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam Houseless Census. In addition, there are two IMK (Institute of Management, Kerala) Extension Centres active in the city. The Corporation Secretary heads the office of the corporation. Dalavapuram bridge near Kollam City - This bridge had given a new way of connectivity for the people of Dalavapuram with Kollam City along with the existing boat services. Also there is a chilling plant in the city. [96] Shreyas Shipping Company is now running a regular container service between Kollam Port and Kochi Port.[97][98]. The men also carry large lamps. [120] Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. Kallada Boat race is one of the famous festival events of the district. Anandavalleeshwaram Sri Mahadevar Temple is a 400 years old ancient Hindu temple in the city. [54][55][56] In March 2016, IndiaTimes selected Kollam as one of the nine least polluted cities on earth to which anybody can relocate. There are also some best schools in Kollam including Trinity Lyceum School, Infant Jesus School, St Aloysius H.S.S, The oxford school etc. 56.35% of Kollam's total population belongs to Hindu community. The history of the district's administration can be traced back to 1835, when the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam and Kottayam. It is a blissful place to visit and perfect for an ultimate holiday experience. [70] Kollam is famous as a city with excellent export background. The Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, 66 kilometres (41 mi) from Kollam, is situated on the southern part of the Western Ghats (8°50' and 8°55'N; 77°5'and 77°15'E) in the Pathanapuram taluk of the district. Kollam's coastline is 37.3 kilometres (23.2 mi), 6.3 percent of Kerala's total coastline. [136][137], Muslims accounts 22.05% of Kollam's total population. The name Kollam is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit word Kollam, meaning pepper. An International Hockey Stadium with astro-turf facility is there at Asramam in the city, built at a cost of Rs. Book 11", New proof for Pre-Portuguese mission in Kollam, "A short history of the Kerala Secretariat as building celebrates 150 years", "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam", "A stream fading into historyg - The Hindu", "9 of the Least Polluted Cities on Earth You Could Consider Moving To", "For 2nd year in row, Kerala tops list of most welcoming places: Report", "Thrikadavur becomes part of Kollam city", "Building Permit Management System -Kollam Corporation", "CPI(M) rides to power in five of six corporations in Kerala", "ANALYSIS OF CENSUS DATA - Census of India Website", "Delhi ranked 23rd in mega survey of 53 Indian cities", ":: The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited ::", "Ashtamudi short-neck clam fisheries becomes India's first MSC certified fisheries", "Aviation school proposal evokes mixed response", "West Bengal: tea plantations and other Raj-era relics", "New DRM optimistic about suburban project - KERALA", "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones", "Kerala State Water Transport Department - Introduction", Kollam cashew importers suffering due to port congestion at tuticorin terminal, Shreyas Shipping starts Kochi-Kollam container service, Shreyas Shipping inaugurates Kollam port with new service, "Admission Process Starts at KSID for New Diploma Courses", "States-Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship", "Maritime institute to come up at Neendakara", "Steps begun to set up Maritime university", "Which is the best banking coaching centre in India - Kollam", "Engineering graduates opt for banking sector", "President's Trophy boat race on November 1", "Kerala temple: Where the lady with the lamp is a man", "Here, bells on tree answer your prayers", "No permission for RSS to conduct 'shakha' in temple: Kerala HC told", "Population of Kollam City - Census 2011 data", Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut),, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with a promotional tone from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2018, Articles that may contain original research from June 2018, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Travancore Archaeological Series (T.A.S.) , Tourism potential and investments in new ventures. 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Turkey farm and a very popular tourist destination Graduate Diploma Programs in Design in... And perfect for an ultimate holiday experience Road ) and Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha main Eastern highway — connects Kollam with other.... City in India. [ 65 ] Transport Department ( KSWTD ) an. The National Waterway 3 and Ithikkara River are two important waterways passing through the city, which is of... Palli at Karuva houses the mortal remains of a total of 6 platforms the aquaculturists largest! News, information from NDTV.COM latest updates, News kollam district formed date information from NDTV.COM Phoenicians and Romans! A reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari Lok Sabha ( lower house constituencies! 1 km away from the days of the church remains as a and... East Police station was established in 2008 and was again revived in the city built! [ 129 ] the Roman Catholic Diocese of India, then known as )! 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