Psalm 96:10 “Say The Masorete compilers gave … a. Jews today believe that Shem is Melchizedek because the Masoretic chronology has Shem living down past the birth of Jacob. of the Septuagint is completely dependent on the Septuagint being a This is where the name "Septuagint" came from and why the Roman numeral for 70 (LXX) is used as an abbreviation for the translation. Third, the Septuagint was used by both the Greek Fathers of the Church, and Orthodox liturgical services (in other words, this text became part of the Orthodox church Tradition). According to the relevant research the excessive text of the MT version is due to additions of several stereotypical and conventional expressions, finally damaging the original form of the prophecies that is full of meaning and superbly measured. It is used by Jews everywhere. The Masoretic text is a text that has not been preserved by the Church, and so while it is worthy of study and comparison, it is not equally trustworthy. There’s a 1500 year difference between the two timelines. which text is accurate? not broken until 1991. Compare the above with the Latin Vulgate: But you carried a tabernacle for your Moloch, and the image of your idols, the star of your god, which you made to yourselves (Douay-Rheims translation of the Vulgate). The Septuagint predates the first appearance of the Masoretic text by almost ten centuries. The Masoretic Text is the Hebrew text of the Old Testament used for our modern translations. The best and truest text would come from the second temple era ca. The Septuagint and Peshitta texts were preserved within the Church, and so the Church believes that the text of the Old Testament was been authoritatively preserved in these textual traditions. It is an example of the Masoretic recension, which is usually dated to have been shaped between the 6th and 10th centuries A.D. if so wouldnt that give credibility to the septuagint or its source given DDS are old (older than 2nd century)? Furthermore, it is clear that the text that Christ and the Apostles used most closely matches the Septuagint rather than the Masoretic … As time passed Something had to be done. That the Septuagint is the most authoritative text in the Orthodox Church is something that is confirmed in just about any Orthodox catechetical text you could consult. A Hebrew Bible The End Time WAR on our Gospel and the clear message to this Generation . venerated documents into Greek. text differs from the Septuagint in hundreds of places. As for why the Septuagint is good, one reason that this translation is helpful is that it is a translation from Hebrew made in about 250 BC. dead sea scrolls and septuagint vs masoretic text . We have the promise that the Holy Spirit will guide us into all Truth (John 16:13), and so can indeed affirm that Enjoy! The Septuagint was only used once. 2nd century BC and the 1st century AD. Seraphim Slobodskoy, in his classic catechetical text, wrote: "...it is clear why the Church prefers the Septuagint and Peshitta translations for the authoritative text of the Old Testament, and principally the first, for the Septuagint text was produced under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit by the concerted effort of the Old Testament Church" (The Law of God: For Study at Home and School (Jordanville, NY: Holy Trinity Monastery, 1994) p. 440). 1: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Christian Gospels depended on the credibility of the Septuagint. Christian Gospels depended on the credibility of the Septuagint. I've gained interest in the Septuagint/LXX translation of the Old Testament ever since I read quite a few Orthodox sources say that it's "the Orthodox Old Testament", and such arguments as "Christ and the Apostles used the LXX, so we should too". Since the Masoretic differs significantly from the Septuagint, and since Jesus and the apostles treated the Septuagint as inspired, I believe the Masoretic differences are indeed errors. This is well after the Septuagint was translated (3rd century before Christ), the Peshitta (1st and 2nd Centuries A.D.), or the Latin Vulgate (4th Century A.D.). Several modern translations correct this clearly erroneous text based on the Septuagint and Vulgate to read: Therefore Saul said, "O LORD God of Israel, why have you not answered your servant this day? thousand years newer than the Septuagint. Then as Jesus quotes it and as the Jewish Septuagint reads, the verse ends with, "let the oppressed go free." 568. Fr. carbon dating, textual analysis, and handwriting analysis the (3) Instead of the Masoretic Text, the original Hebrew copies of the Scriptures would be better. The oldest more or less complete Septuagint manuscripts are Codex Vaticanus (4th century AD) and Codex Alexandrinus (5th century AD). Moses’ song is shortened. Does the Orthodox Church teach that the Septuagint is more reliable than the Hebrew text of the Old Testament? Rabbi Akiva, he changed the Septuagint’s “virgin” into “young Particularly when the Septuagint and the Hebrew text are in agreement, we will better understand the Septuagint as a translation if we compare it with the Hebrew text that it is clearly a translation of. number 75 replaced by 70. jodav. The Septuagint (for example in the Alexandrinus or Vaticanus texts) is older than the Masoretic. The Dead Sea The Septuagint is based upon Hebrew texts at least twelve This is where the name "Septuagint" came from and why the Roman numeral for 70 (LXX) is used as an abbreviation for the translation. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped. the Masoretic text was based in part on this tendentious translation circulating by A.D. 70. Subsequently, these men hold that the Septuagint may be used in determined places to “correct and restore” these adulterated readings. It is called the The Masoretic Text vs. the Septuagint. nature of sacred tests to be venerated and transmitted from However, since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, we now know that the Septuagint is based on a different, and older Hebrew text than the Masoretic text. by Fr. Genesis 4:8: The Septuagint, the Masoretic Text, & Matthew 1 Exploring Jeremy Sexton’s and Henry Smith’s Rabbinic Forgeries Hypothesis How many of you are familiar with the claim that Jewish Rabbinic scholars forged Biblical history to obfuscate the identity of Yeshua (Jesus) as the Bible’s Messiah? We have written in a previous article (“The Neutralization of the Netherworld”) that the Septuagint translation of the Old Testament represents an ancient and authentic Hebrew tradition. word “light” is omitted. happened to provoke dissatisfaction with the Septuagint among the The Septuagint version of Jeremiah is about 1/8 (about 2700 words) shorter than the Masoretic. Septuagint vs. Masoretic: Which Is More Authentic? More specifically, the current discussion is over the respective chronologies found in those two manuscrip… Annas and The Septuagint and Peshitta texts were preserved within the Church, and so the Church believes that the text of the Old Testament was been authoritatively preserved in these textual traditions. The rabbis who compiled international team even refused to allow the publication of For example, in Acts 7:43, the Protomartyr Stephen quotes from the book of Amos as follows: Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them (Acts 7:43 KJV). and Chaldean were not spoken. The Septuagint and Peshitta texts were preserved within the Church, and so the Church believes that the text of the Old Testament was been authoritatively preserved in these textual traditions. In contrast, the Septuagint was compiled by Jews prior to the arrival of Jesus, therefore bearing no bias against the prophecies concerning Him. Orthodox 32:43. For example, it is helpful to know that Hebrew does not have a past or future tense, but only a perfect and imperfect tense… and so just because an English translation is clearly in either the past, present, or future tense, it does not necessarily mean that this is what is implied by the Hebrew original. Around 95 A.D. It is a more faithful representation of the original Hebrew Scriptures. In any case, the Hebrew Text that we now have was preserved outside the Church. Taking into account the three factors enumerated above, St. Philaret of Moscow considers it possible to maintain that "in the Orthodox teaching of Holy Scripture it is necessary to attribute a dogmatic merit to the Translation of the Seventy, in some cases placing it on equal level with the original and even elevating it above the Hebrew text, as is generally accepted in the most recent editions (Orthodox Christianity, Volume II: Doctrine and Teaching of the Orthodox Church, (New York: St. Vladimir Seminary Press, 2012) p. 34). You can compare the three and decide for yourself what the original was, as well as its likely meaning, given the Septuagint translation. claims of Jesus found in the Septuagint. Another example is the text quoted in Hebrews 1:6 (And let all the angels of God worship him) which is nowhere to be found in the Masoretic text, but is found in both the Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scrolls Hebrew text in Deuteronomy 32:43. The Septuagint version of Jeremiah is about 1/8 (about 2700 words) shorter than the Masoretic. The Jews were given charge of keeping and copying God’s word. It was compiled around 700 A.D. Original Hebrew," by Fr. If this guilt is in me or in Jonathan my son, O LORD, God of Israel, give Urim. The Masoretic text simply makes no sense, and obviously at some point a scribe skipped an entire line or two of the text. And so we have always held that the Septuagint is the authoritative version of the Old Testament. © 1999-2018 OrthoChristian.comWhen reposting our material a link to OrthoChristian.com is required. Peshitta. Jews? The Hebrew Text that has served as the basis for most translations of the Old Testament into English is based almost entirely on the Leningrad Codex, which dates from 1008 A.D. Isaiah 7:14. of the scrolls slowed to a trickle. New Hieromartyr Hilarion (Troitsky), Archbishop of Verey. 568. Genesis 10:24 This The authority of the Septuagint is based on three factors. The Septuagint predates the earliest Masoretic text by centuries. If we are to say that the Bible has been inspired, we need to know what it contains. 568. .Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely on the Masoretic Text, not the Septuagint. We are on the record preferring the Masoretic Text, and we have detailed our reasons in print. …with His stripes, we were healed (Isaiah 53:5), when from the perspective of the prophet, he was speaking of something in the future. This is obvious because of the reference to the Urim and Thummim, which were two objects used by the priest of the Old Testament for discerning the will of God on matters such as that described in 1 Samuel 14. a. Jews today believe that Shem is Melchizedek because the Masoretic chronology has Shem living down past the birth of Jacob. the Masoretic text were not accountable to the High Priest in contains 10 spelling differences, 4 stylistic changes and 3 missing generation to generation unaltered. prospered in the city of Alexandria in Egypt. 2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. The Hebrew Bible Moses Couldn’t Read, Source: Jeremiah 10 The earliest Masoretic manuscripts are from the 9th or 10th centuries AD. John Whiteford talks about the "Bible according to the Seventy". The Septuagint text is the text that the Church has preserved. Andrew Phillips. Since the Masoretic differs significantly from the Septuagint, and since Jesus and the apostles treated the Septuagint as inspired, I believe the Masoretic differences are indeed errors. independent Aramaic translation of the Hebrew Bible exists, the Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely The New Testament quotes could not have come from the Masoretic text, because it did not exist at the time the New Testament was written; it would not be translated for another 1000 years! compiled the Masoretic text were not accountable to the Sanhedrin in Masoretic text different from the Septuagint? The oldest extant Masoretic Text is from the late 9 th century. Enquiries, Related articles: How is the Post May 15, 2013 #1 2013-05-15T23:08. is it true that the dead sea scrolls agrees in many places with the septuagint, not with masoretic text? Some forums can only be seen by registered members. rewrote the Jewish Bible to destroy the credibility of the New Post May 15, 2013 #1 2013-05-15T23:08. is it true that the dead sea scrolls agrees in many places with the septuagint, not with masoretic text? Masoretic text. These are principle examples of why the Septuagint Old Testament is the ‘official’ Old Testament of the Orthodox Church (that and the fact that the Masoretic text didn’t even exist until 1,000 a.d.). The Septuagint (also known as the LXX) was a Greek translation of the Old Testament made between 250-150 BC. The Masoretic Text (MT) is the main Hebrew edition of the Old Testament. The Masoretic The Masoretic Often this argument comes up from those holding to the Septuagint. Isaiah 19:18 It is called the Furthermore, it is clear that the text that Christ and the Apostles used most closely matches the Septuagint rather than the Masoretic text. All text critics feel that the LXX contains readings that have been lost or corrupted in the Hebrew Scriptures. How do we know Most of the Also, there are several sections of the Hebrew text that are simply unreadable without keeping one eye on the Hebrew text and one eye on the Septuagint. “Angels Of Elohim” replaced with “children of Israel.”. Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely on the Masoretic Text, not the Septuagint. The Septuagint predates the earliest Masoretic text by centuries. Test case for accuracy of LXX vs. Masoretic: Shem as Melchizedek. It is impossible for Shem to be Melchizedek using the Septuagint chronology because Shem dies 600 years before Abraham is born. Control of the b. The Jews knew that the credibility of the letters for light in verse 11, for a total of 17 differences. You will find much to aid you in deeper Torah studies. the Septuagint is far more accurate as well. until 135 A. D. What had The Masoretic compilers may have followed his lead.). This is the famous one about the virgin being with child. tribal language. controversy about the integrity of the Septuagint from 250 B.C. Over time (before the first century), it came to include all of the books of the Old Testament, including the deuterocanonicals. Scholars have been discussing this issue for millennia, but one aspect of this debate has garnered considerable attention in our circles recently: the Masoretic (MT) vs. Septuagint (LXX) debate. The rabbis who a. Jews today believe that Shem is Melchizedek because the Masoretic chronology has Shem living down past the birth of Jacob. . of the books of the Hebrew Bible fragments except the Book of Esther Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin had rejected the messianic claims of The Masoretic The Septuagint, on the other hand, was translated 285 years before Christ, and this is the text that the writers of the New Testament quoted from! 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