Correlated electron materials, in which the low energy degrees of freedom behave qualitatively differently than a free electron gas. System-level characterization and aging experiments of energy storage systems. Assessing how to transition to sustainable and low carbon energy systems, based on the technologies that can address future energy needs and the decision-making process followed by various agents in the economy. Current trends in energy industries. Uncertainty and learning in strategic contexts regarding the provision of public goods, mostly in the context of international environmental agreements. Use of orientation dynamics in thin-film solar cells. Electrochemical CO2 and nitrogen gas reduction. Creating valuable products from organic waste streams. Resources for Current Students. As always, use your best judgement and consider your own and others' well-being at all times. Venture capital formation for energy technologies. Photon-enhanced thermionic emission devices, which use solar heat and light to generate electricity. The curriculum is designed to prepare students for immediate participation in many aspects of the energy in… Monitoring and interpreting processes of opinion formation and change. Emissions permit market design, analysis and monitoring.Transmission expansion policy, design and analysis. Energy market design and monitoring. Rate constants for reactions of OH with fuels. Optics, photonics and optical materials. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Enhanced Oil Recovery. Determining the electronic structure of transition metal complexes, which are utilized in oxidation catalysis and fuel cells to facilitate and control oxygen activation and reduction. Sensors and actuators for energy conversion. Nonequilibrium phonon dynamics. Real-time feedback and its affects. Fabrication of nanoscale materials, and study of their electronic, photonic, electrochemical and catalytic properties. Nanostructured solar cells. Understanding mechanisms plants use to produce complex molecules for future use in synthetic production of energy feedstocks. Design of cap-and-trade systems. Mechanisms for directed and efficient channeling of solar energy to chemical energy. Precourt Institute, Stanford Environmental & Energy Policy Analysis Center, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Law, Tax & Regulation. Center on Food Security & the Environment, Earth System Science. Some of the activities in this report are sponsored by GCEP, while others are sponsored by outside organizations. Low-to-intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Models for predicting performance of conventional and non-conventional hydrocarbon reservoirs (including shale oil and gas), and CO2 sequestration operations. Application areas include CO2 sequestration and reservoir simulation. Characterizing and modeling the fundamental micromechanical and photochemical mechanisms that dictate the reliability and lifetimes of emerging energy technologies, including solar cells and their modules, PEM fuel cells, and batteries. Mechanical Engineering, Precourt Institute, Thermoelectrics, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Electric Grid, Grid Scale Storage, Climate, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation, Renewable Fuels. Basin and petroleum basin systems modeling. The effect of energy efficiency standards in appliances and buildings, and how these standards affect purchase prices and operating costs. Managing the global expansion of nuclear power while avoiding the proliferation of nuclear weapons, with special attention to the nuclear aspirations of states such as North Korea and Iran. Air Quality, Bioenergy, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Water, Water Systems. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Enhanced Oil Recovery, Natural Gas. How different scenarios of expanded biofuels production in rich and poor countries will affect global and regional food prices, farmer incomes, food consumption by the poor, and climate. Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP), long-term research effort led by Stanford University for the development of a global energy system with low greenhouse emissions Chemical Engineering, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Water Systems, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Bioenergy. Cost competitiveness of renewable energy sources, including solar PV, wind and biofuels. Management Science & Engineering, Precourt Energy Efficiency Center, Buildings, Energy & Behavior, Heating & Cooling, Transportation, Climate, Integrated Modeling, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Law, Management & Innovation, Tax & Regulation. Energy Markets and Policy GSBGEN 336 (Win) Energy, the Environment, and the Economy ECON 17N (Win) Regulatory Economics ECON 158 (Win) Regulatory Economics LAW 1056 (Win) Research Methods and Policy Applications I INTLPOL 301A (Aut) Research Methods and Policy Applications II INTLPOL 301B (Win) Sustainable Energy for 9 Billion ENERGY 104 (Spr) Balancing water and energy demands. Topics for filtering under “Energy Research Area” are in six categories in capital letters, e.g. Prof. Zhi-Xun Shen; We’re determined to lead in researching, teaching, and practicing environmental sustainability. Search form. Using anaerobic bacteria to convert organic waste to methane gas for fuel to convert wastewater to drinking water. Synthetic oxygenated fuels. Climate impacts of converting land use to biofuel crops. Synthesis of models from experimental and field data. Diamondoids-nanostructured diamond. Photosynthetic membranes and their catalytic behavior. Estimation of fossil-fuel CO2 emissions via atmospheric inversions.Water quality monitoring and contaminant source identification. Buildings, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Climate, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation, Tax & Regulation. Surveys documenting public beliefs about global warming and preferences for energy policy for more than 15 years. Batteries & Fuel Cells, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Photovoltaics, Renewable Fuels. Buildings, Electric Grid, Sensors & Data, Transportation. Future of stationary power: electricity grid and natural gas infrastructure, system integration and innovative technologies, finance, policy and business models. Self-assembly of nanostructures from the natural protein clathrin for experimental battery electrodes. Probabilistic and statistical tools for modeling the reliability of nuclear power plants and nuclear waste repositories. The formation, geometric patterns and fluid flow properties of fractures and faults, at lengths from a thin section to a mountain range. Flow imaging to delineate the mechanisms of oil, water and gas flows in porous rock. Geochemical and hydrological interactions that optimize the formation of carbonates and the physical trapping of CO2, with a view to enhance reaction kinetics, reduce cost and increase storage security. Sootless diesel engine. Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP), long-term research effort led by Stanford University for the development of a global energy system with low greenhouse emissions Electronic liquid crystalline phases of matter. Affective, cognitive and social web interfaces for reducing energy use. Using current supercomputers and next-generation high performance systems for multidisciplinary optimization to increase wind turbine power output and reduce noise. Carbon-based devices. Energy efficient and sustainable building design. Modern computational approaches to electron and photon dynamics. This research could lead to increasing crop yield for biomass. Applications include hydrogen and methanol generation through photocatalysis, reduction of methane emissions, PV solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells and batteries. The winners are chosen through an annual competitive process. New algorithms to improve imaging of reflection seismic data for structural and stratigraphic interpretation. Economics, Program on Energy & Sustainable Development, Energy & Behavior, Electric Grid, Water, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation, Tax & Regulation. We are committed to leading the way to provide the people, methods, and tools for sustainable management of the Earth's energy resources. Energy Modeling Forum, Management Science & Engineering, Climate, Integrated Modeling, Energy Markets, National Security. People. Wireless charging of electric cars. Renewable energy will make up at least half of the generation mix and drive adoption of novel technologies such as storage, fuel cells, waste to power and distributed generation. Energy efficiency technologies, policies and behavior. Integrating large-scale solar projects with biofuel production in deserts. Characterization and monitoring of petroleum and carbon storage systems. Designing "stealth interventions" that harness the motivating characteristics of social movements to promote the overlapping goals of environmental sustainability and health. Producing ethanol from carbon monoxide gas with a copper catalyst. A simulation tool that models all parts of the electrical network, including generation, transmission, intermittent renewable supply, energy storage, distributed generation and electrical vehicles. Understanding mechanisms for high-temperature superconductors. Stanford scientists are exploring new technologies that exploit the tremendous amount of heat radiated from the sun. Bits & Watts Initiative Bits & Watts develops innovations for the electric grid needed to enable reliance on intermittent power and distributed energy resources, while keeping the grid secure and affordable. Green networks for office and residential buildings. National oil companies. Interactions between climate and large-scale solar energy projects. Research Area: Energy Sustainability. © Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305. Ways for the construction industry to overcome barriers to adopting energy-efficient innovations. Environmental economics and industrial organization, with a focus on climate change and energy markets. Fuel cells for methane, hydrogen and solid fuel conversion. CO2 and water electrolysis for energy storage (methane). Coal and biomass conversion in supercritical water for production of liquid fuels. Environmental learning and behavior, including transportation. Stanford School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences. Enhanced geothermal systems. Thermal transport across interfaces between dissimilar materials. Structure/property of crystalline and polymeric organic semiconductors for photovoltaics. Applications include lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, CIGS solar cells, transparent electrodes and using carbon nanotubes in microbial fuel cell electrodes. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The mission of the Energy Resources Engineering major is to provide students with the engineering skills and foundational knowledge needed to flourish as technical leaders within the energy industry. Making renewable energy economical. Developing new computational methods to design and analyze renewable energy, including solar thermal devices. Using incentive mechanisms and societal networks for reducing congestion-related costs in transportation, both public and private. Global potential of bioenergy. Atomic scale synthesis and control of complex oxides heterostructures for energy applications, including superconductors, catalysis and charge storage. Tiny, highly efficient semiconductor laser for optical data interconnects that use light to communicate with higher speed and smaller energy consumption than conventional electrical interconnects, Electrical Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering. Chemical and physical processes of geothermal systems. Applying experimental approaches from public health and medical research to develop family-, school-, and community-based interventions to promote residential, transportation and food-related energy-saving behaviors. Atomic-scale structure and dynamics of the ion conducting oxide ceramic materials at the heart of solid oxide fuel cells, with the aim of optimizing performance and lowering cost. Developing monocrystalline germanium III-V solar cell with efficiencies near the best multi-junction cells and manufacturing cost approaching the conventional crystalline silicon technology. Energy efficient computing based on architectures, runtime environments and parallel computer systems. Nitrogen-doped porous carbon for CO2 capture. One goal is to showcase the breadth and depth of energy expertise at Stanford University and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, while providing students a broad perspective on the topic of energy. SLAC is a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory operated by Stanford, conducting research in chemistry, materials and energy sciences, bioscience, fusion energy science, high-energy physics, cosmology and other fields. Solid oxide fuel cells. Reducing the environmental impacts of energy systems. During the 2018-19 school year, almost 300 Stanford University faculty and staff across all seven schools engaged in energy research, producing hundreds of studies representing advances in energy science, technology, business and policy. Energy-Efficient computing. Improving the use of energy-economic models for evaluating energy security, energy price shocks and the energy market impacts of environmental policies. Stanford Solar Research Directory PV Materials/Devices - Any - CdTe CIGS CIGS/CZTS CZTS Electrochemical devices III-V materials Nanowire Organic Perovskite Perovskite, dye-sensitized Photonic devices Quantum dot Silicon Single crystal GaAs thin films Solar Fuel Thin film Thin silicon solar cells Transparent electrodes Using anaerobic bacteria to convert organic waste to methane gas for fuel to convert wastewater to drinking water. Designing organizations and governance regimes for sustainable development of energy and civil infrastructure projects. Integrated assessment. Models for predicting performance of conventional and non-conventional hydrocarbon reservoirs (including shale oil and gas), and CO2 sequestration operations. Students may take the Energy Seminar for credit or drop in for talks of interest. Operational management challenges for some cleantech firms. Since 2010, we have committed over $6 million to 21 such research projects, which we call "seed grants." In this short 2018 video, Yi Cui outlines the future of research and deployment for batteries and solar power. Geological carbon storage in sedimentary and magnesium-silicate rocks. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Unconventional Oil & Gas. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Unconventional Oil & Gas. Deep CO2 sequestration and earthquake triggering. Obama administration's "Clean Power Plan.". Our scholars work closely with scientists, engineers, and policymakers to develop and analyze economically viable approaches to Applying this to new materials and processes for next generation low-cost solar cells, fuel cells and catalysts. Developing devices for storing renewable electricity based on chemical transformations. Transition metal oxides as functional energy materials. Please send comments and suggestions to: mark.golden@stanford.edu. We teach courses and perform research relevant to the production and transformation of energy resources. Stanford Energy is brought to you by the Precourt Institute for Energy. Transition metal catalysts for direct-hydrocarbon fuel cells. CO2 reaction with magnesium-silicate rock in carbon sequestration, with a view to enhancing reaction and reducing cost. Topological phases of matter. Characteristics of of airborne particles emitted from urban combustion sources. How China and the U.S. could deploy solar energy more efficiently if each one played to its economic strengths. Fundamental laser-matter interactions in solids in the high-field limit. Systems and controls analysis of power systems with distributed generation. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Buildings, Thermoelectrics, Transportation. Green Computing, Thermoelectrics, Photovoltaics, Energy & Behavior, Sensors & Data, Transportation. Well test interpretation. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Superconductors, Renewable Fuels, Solar Thermal. Hydrogen absorption and desorption in individual palladium nanocrystals. Energy in the context of sustainability. Microbes that convert electricity, CO2 and water into fuels (or precursors) without the use of biomass. Trip estimation techniques to better manage hybrid vehicle batteries. Developing an efficient low-power microprocessor. Energy resource planning. Converting low energy photons to higher for greater efficiency in solar cells. Power electronics, RF power amplifiers, resonant converters, soft switching topologies and design of power converters for operation in harsh environments. Flow and heat transfer in complex turbulent flows. Wireless technology, including channel modeling, multiuser communications, signal processing and system design, for use in smart grids, automated highways and intelligent home electronics. Emerging business models at the interface of data sharing platforms and energy systems. Efficient computing and data center energy management. HVAC energy efficiency. Unconventional superconductivity. Discovering new, chemically stable nanomaterials for thermionic energy conversion. Impact of rock type, porosity, pore fluids, temperature, and stress on seismic wave propagation. Such skills and knowledge include resource assessment, choices among energy alternatives, and carbon management, as well as the basic scientific background and technical skills common to engineers. The effects of aircraft on climate and pollution. Integration of energy and environmental performance indicators, value and payback time in design of energy-efficient buildings. Metal-oxide semiconductor anodes for oxidation of water. The future of global oil resources, supply and demand. The plant growth hormone brassinosteroid, which regulates cell elongation, photosynthesis, flowering, light response, and stress tolerance. Quantum confined solar cells, including quantum dots, thin barrier layers and transparent electrodes. Computing the life-cycle health, environmental and climate change damages associated with different transportation strategies. Coal-fired power with CO2 capture via combustion in supercritical saline aquifer water. Applying an electric field to the film to induce directionally dependent properties in polymer crystallites to enhance electron mobility. Climate, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Natural Gas, Unconventional Oil & Gas. Capturing atmospheric CO2 using organic-inorganic hybrid materials. How geochemical reactions of CO2 injection change the seismic attributes of rocks. Precourt Institute, Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy & Finance, Transportation, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation. Use of nanowires in thin-film solar cells to boost efficiency. Subscribe to Stanford Earth Matters. CO2 sequestration in coal beds. Chemical-to-electrical and electrical-to-chemical energy conversion are at the core of the research. Behavior of materials under compression, which can lead to new materials for hydrogen storage and advanced batteries. Biosynthesis and molecular-scale recycling of bioplastics and biocomposites. Homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Results of low-carbon energy research at U.S. universities. Methods for least cost integration of intermittent renewable resources. Failure to account for geography of trade leads to an overstatement of GHG emissions from U.S. biofuel policies of nearly 100 percent. Finding natural gas leaks in urban distribution systems. Stanford also hosts more than a dozen centers and programs focused on energy research. Ion-beam assisted deposition for thin-film solar. Ultrafast properties of nanoscale materials. Understanding the properties of the transport solutions, commonly a borate guar gum solution. Risk-adjusted forecasting of electric power load. Efficient, low-polluting transportation engines (piston and turbine) by taking reactants to extreme states of energy density, and advanced electric generation. Energy and climate change policy analysis. Geological & Environmental Sciences, SLAC - Photon Science. Transmission electron microscopy to study effects of radiation damage on the size and distribution of quantum dots in solar cells. Photon-enhanced thermionic emission devices, which use solar heat and light. Two-phase flow in fuel cell microchannels. Micro- and nano-scale mechanical devices, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Nuclear, Photovoltaics. Computational modeling of subsurface flow, with applications in oil and gas production and geological carbon sequestration. Energy Resources Engineering, Global Climate & Energy Project, Precourt Institute, Climate, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion. Printable, electrically conductive gel for potential use in energy storage and biofuel cells. Energy's impacts on climate change. Understanding diamondoid electron transport properties, synthesis of higher diamondoids, and developing diamondoid applications for oil and gas exploration. The Stanford Natural Gas Initiative brings together faculty and students from across campus to conduct research on the wide range of issues related to the responsible development of natural gas as a bridge fuel leading to a decarbonized energy future. Thin films, especially complex metal oxides. Civil & Environmental Engineering, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Water Systems, Economic Development & Equity. Geophysical characterization of the chemical and physical changes that a rock formation undergoes upon the injection of fluids for storage, as with sequestration of CO2, or for the production of fossil energy, i.e., hydraulic fracturing and formation damage.Unpredicted rock alterations can lead to ground contamination, ineffective stimulation and seismic activity. Converting CO2 and water into sustainable fuels and chemicals. Material processing and fabrication technology for solar concentrators based on graded-index and optical meta-materials to improve output and lower cost in thermal solar and photovoltaic cells. Enhanced Oil Recovery, Unconventional Oil & Gas, Geothermal. Underestimation of U.S. methane emissions from oil and natural gas extraction and processing, (as well non-energy sources). Tailoring solid-state surfaces for effective catalysis in both the production and consumption of energy. Materials for the reversible sequestration of pollutants and for electro- and photo-catalytic conversions relevant for clean energy. Education, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Buildings, Energy & Behavior, Transportation. Carbon nanospheres for stable lithium metal anodes. Structural characterization of materials used for energy conversion and storage, especially graphenefor thin films for solar cells, and also lithium-sulfur batteries for electric cars, high-temperature proton exchange membrane for fuel cells. We combined advances in materials science, biology, physics, chemistry, geology and engineering science with the know-how of our industrial partners,” said Sally Benson , a professor of energy resources engineering and director of GCEP. Magnetic nanotechnology, spintronics and integrated inductors, with applications in energy conversion and storage. With core expertise in fluid dynamics, computational engineering, and electrokinetic phenomena, we investigate a concept idea for improving efficiency of plasma-based CO2 converters. Discovering new, chemically stable nanomaterials for thermionic energy conversion. Design of alternative regulatory and subsidy mechanisms to achieve CO2 reductions. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Buildings, Photovoltaics. (Instructor) Expertise in life-cycle environmental impacts and tradeoffs in the energy industry. Coal-based power generation involving coal conversion in supercritical water with CO2 capture and aquifer-based sequestration. The long-term behavior of materials, such as those used in radioactive waste disposal. Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. Hybrid and electric vehicles. Regulatory aspects of photosynthesis and the biogenesis of photosynthetic membranes. Yang and Yamazaki Energy & Environment Building, Precourt Institute Energy Advisory Council. Metabolic processes of anaerobic microorganisms and their application in bioenergy. We train future leaders in the science and engineering of Earth's energy resources. Buildings, Energy & Behavior, Sensors & Data. Energy Research at Stanford The GCEP staff coordinates the Energy Research at Stanford Report, a compilation of abstracts highlighting the wide range of energy-related research taking place across the Stanford campus. Search Transportation, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Electric Grid, Grid Scale Storage. Explore energy research at Stanford by clicking on the research area and key topics below. Green energy-efficient networks. Models to predict the performance of enhanced oil recovery methods, particularly gas injection and in-situ combustion. Monitoring global GHG emissions. Co-firing coal and biomass during combustion and gasification. Combustion, Unconventional Oil & Gas, Geothermal, Photovoltaics. Doping titanium dioxide nanowires for enhanced photoelectrochemical performance. Hydrogen transport and hydride formation in metals, alloys and intermetallic compounds for use in vehicular fuel cells and batteries.Materials and phenomena in lithium-ion batteries. Developing an image and signal processor 20 times more power efficient than conventional signal processors. Energy efficiency in optical and wireless access networks. Gas mileage standards. Materials Science & Engineering, SLAC - Photon Science. Batteries & Fuel Cells, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Bioenergy, Photovoltaics. Bioinspired redox catalysts by discrete metal complexes on surfaces, for CO2 capture and reduction of O2 to water in ambient-temperature fuel cells.Strategies to make interfaces in dye-sensitized solar cells less chemically reactive. The construction industry's barriers to adopting energy-efficient innovations. Multijunction nanowire solar cells. Combined cooling, heating and power system for the home with thermoacoustic Stirling engine core fueled by natural gas and solar thermal energy. Model and analyze efficient market mechanisms for resource allocation on the grid, using tools from operations research, engineering and economics. High-temperature cuprate and pnictide superconductors. Transportation, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics. Buildings, Sensors & Data, Electric Grid, Energy Markets, Wind. Economic Development & Equity, National Security. Controlling atomic scale structure of thin films and nanomaterials for use in photovoltaics and hydrogen storage. Developing energy efficient electronic solutions. U.S. energy policy and its effects on domestic and international political priorities, national security, the economy and global climate. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency enforcement. The impact of pricing and information provision on energy demand. Improving methods for use of atmospheric observations of GHG from remote sensors. We hope to see you at the weekly cross-campus Energy Seminar on Mondays during the academic year from 4:30-5:20 at NVIDIA Auditorium. Green construction materials. Carnegie - Global Ecology, Earth System Science. Game simulating California's markets for electricity, reneweble energy and CO2 permits to inform policy. “END USE/EFFICIENCY.” Users can filter for specific sub-topics or the entire category. Emerging computer systems, such as low-power wireless sensor networks and full duplex wireless.